Exclusive: Deutsche Bank’s problem derivatives cloud recovery – sources
24 July, 2019, 9:35 pm
NEW YORK (Reuters) – Deutsche Bank AG’s (DBKGn.DE) turnaround strategy rests in large part on shedding 288 billion euros of unwanted assets. Three bank insiders said it will take years, tying up capital that could have generated income of 500 million euros ($557 million) a year.
The opportunity cost of holding the assets, which has not been previously reported, underscores the challenges facing Chief Executive Christian Sewing as he attempts to turn around the bank and restore confidence among investors who have seen the value of their shares decline by 75% in the past four years.
Sewing said earlier this month that Deutsche, Germany’s largest lender, would set up a bad bank to house the assets, which include equity, credit and interest-rate derivatives. The bank said it wants to offload most of its derivatives by 2020. Executives managing the book can either sell positions or allow them to gradually wind down over time, depending on which is more profitable.
The bank is planning an auction of its short-dated equity derivatives book, having already received “significant expressions of interest,” the sources familiar with the matter said. However, its long-dated interest rate and credit derivatives are expected to be much harder to offload, the sources said.
Deutsche Bank has held on-and-off talks with potential buyers of some of those assets over the past two years, three people said. The sales did not happen because the prices offered would have resulted in hundreds of millions of euros in losses for the bank, they said.
The bank’s decision to maintain the derivatives, rather than sell them at current market values, was strategic, Group Treasurer Dixit Joshi told Reuters Tuesday. He declined to comment on the 500 million euro figure.
“The metric we look at is how much capital are we freeing up from the capital release unit, net of any costs attached to that,” he said. “At the end of the process, the CRU (capital release unit) will release substantial capital that allows us to undertake the restructuring.”
The derivatives themselves are not creating losses, but global regulations introduced following the financial crisis have forced the bank to hold more capital against them, which means Deutsche Bank cannot use those dollars for more profitable investments, the people said.
The 500 million euro figure is measured by how much the capital requirement is dragging on Deutsche Bank’s return on tangible equity, the people said. It is a key measure of how much profit a bank generates from shareholder funds.
Derivatives profits are often booked in their entirety when trades are made. But the assets sit on a bank’s books for the duration, meaning the bank must hold capital against them and take gains or losses as markets affect values.