AT A GLANCE

637 — Antioch surrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of Iron bridge.

1137 — Battle of Rignano between Ranulf of Apulia and Roger II of Sicily.

1270 — The Eighth Crusade and siege of Tunis ended by agreement between Charles I of Sicily and the sultan of Tunis.

1340 — Battle of Rio Salado Battle (or Tarifa).

1470 – Wars of the Roses: Henry VI of England returns to the English throne after Earl of Warwick defeats Yorkists in battle.

1502 — Vasco da Gama returns to Calicut, India for the second time.

1697 — Germany signs French/English/Spanish/Dutch/Brandenburgs peace treaty ending Nine Year War.

1739 — Great Britain declares war on Spain: War of Jenkin’s Ear.

1886 — Great Britain and Germany agree boundaries in East Africa.

1896 — Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah becomes first female senator.

1901 — Battle at Bakenlaagte: Lieutenant Colonel Benson’s British unit vs Boers.

1918 — Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state.

1920 — The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney.

1939 — German U boat fails on attack of English battleship Nelson with Winston Churchill on board.

1944 — Sweden announces intention to stay neutral and refuse sanctuary in WW II.

1957 — Soviet Union launches Sputnik II, carrying a dog named Laika.

1965 — Fireworks explosions kill 50 in Cartagena, Colombia.

1978 — Uganda troops attack Tanzania.

1983 — The first democratic elections are held in Argentina after seven years of military rule.

2013 — 44 people are killed after a bus catches fire in Mahbubnagar, India.

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