Trafficking in persons means the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons by means of threat, use of forms or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power of or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similimar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.
* Trafficking in persons is a crime against humanity and the worst forms involve women and children who are used for sexual exploitation and forced labour. It is a complex crime by nature and difficult to detect.
* Surveys carried out by the Department of Immigration, Department of Social Welfare (DSW) and non government organisations confirms that trafficking in Fiji exists on two levels. Local and cross border trafficking
* It has been acknowledged that Fiji is a transit and receiving country given its geographical location. Local trafficking dealt with by the DSW and police consisted mainly of women and children and the numbers are not available.
* Globally recognised facts prove that poverty and lack of economic opportunity make women and children potential victims of traffickers associated with international criminal organisations. They are vulnerable to false promises of job opportunities in other countries.
* While women and children are particularly vulnerable to trafficking for sex trade, TIP is not limited to sexual exploitation. It also includes persons who are trafficked into forced marriages or into bonded labour markets
* Government's national plan of action includes enhancing border security where senior immigration officials are moved to foreign missions. The extension of offshore borders is aimed at keeping potential illegal immigrants at bay. Through the vetting of overseas visa applications, undesirable elements can be kept outside Fiji.
* Fiji's plan of prevention is aimed at deterring traffickers from using Fiji as a potential destination or transit country. Two cases have been successfully prosecuted. Fiji's commitment to the eradication of trafficking of children as a crime is regulated in Part 5 (20) of the Immigration Act 2003 carrying a maximum penalty of $750,000 or 20 years imprisonment.
* Source - Government's National plan of Action to eradicate Trafficking in persons and Child Trafficking