THE US has filed a complaint with the World Trade Organisation (WTO) against Indonesia's restrictions on imports of horticultural and animal products.
Indonesia had put in place strict licensing requirements for imports of plant-based products in 2011.
It also had a quota on imports of beef and other animal products, which the US said had seen "drastic reductions".
The US said the moves were designed to protect Indonesia's domestic industry and were a violation of WTO rules.
It said the rules had hurt US exports to Indonesia.
"Indonesia's opaque and complex import licensing system affects a wide range of American agricultural exports," US Trade representative Ron Kirk said in a statement.
"It has become a serious impediment to US agricultural exports entering Indonesia, reducing Indonesian consumers' access to high-quality US products."
The US said it had requested consultations with Indonesia under the dispute settlement provisions of the WTO.
Indonesia is one of the US's top trading partners, with more than $US26billion ($F45.8b) worth of goods exchanged in 2011.