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Plants and their daily usage in ABACA

Avinesh Gopal
Tuesday, January 15, 2013

Caucau (Lady of the Night)

(Cestrum nocturnum)

Flowers produce a strong sweet scent at night. Important for its fragrance. Flowers also used in garlands. Roots used for medicine.

Maqo (Mango)

(Mangifera indica)

Fruit is eaten green or ripe and used to make jam, pickles and chutney. Bark is made into a drink for the ill and used to treat wounds. Leaves are used to treat stomach pains.

Kavika (Malay Apple)

(Syzgium malaccense)

Fruit is ripe in December. The bark of the tree is used to make medicine to treat cough.

Kulu (Breadfruit)

(Artocarpus herterphyllus)

It is an important staple in the diet of Abaca villagers, like with other indigenous Fijians. Boiling, roasting and baking in the underground oven (lovo) are the main ways of preparing it.

Uci

(Euodia hortensus)

The strongly scented flowers are used in leis and garlands (salusalu) and to scent coconut oil (waiwai).

Bua (Frangipani)

(Plumeria rubra/Plumeria obtuse)

Like uci, its flowers are also used in leis and garlands and to scent coconut oil. Its bark is used to treat wounds and illness.

Ovaova (Mile-a-minute)

(Mikania micrantha)

Honey bees use this to make honey during May and June. Its leaves are used to stop bleeding in deep wounds. Its also used to treat diarrhoea, high blood pressure, stomach aches, as prevention against infection of the umbilical cord, and to treat tetanus.

Maoli Kai (Polynesian plum)

(Spondias dulcis)

The fruit is enjoyed as a treat and made into a delicious dessert. Also used to make pickles. The bark is used to treat flu, fever, boils and loss of appetite. Leaves are used to treat coughs and roots are used on wounds.


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