ABOUT 300 diabetes-related amputations are recorded at major hospitals in Fiji every year, The Fiji Journal of Public Health report says.
Statistics, highlighted in the report published and released by the Ministry of Health this year, were recorded from the Colonial War Memorial War Hospital in Suva, and Lautoka and Labasa hospitals.
The report stated that current information indicated that the incidence of diabetes mellitus in those over the age of 40 years were between 30 and 50 per cent of the total population.
The Fiji National University (FNU) College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Science lecturer Dr Kamal Kishore in the report said diabetes mellitus and its complications had grown to become one of the major health problems in Fiji.
Dr Kishore said recent research found that Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes were reported with foot sepsis.
Foot sepsis is a diabetic foot infection caused by the invasion of the tissues with proliferation of micro-organisms causing tissue damage with or without an associated inflammatory response by the host.
"Sixty seven per cent of type 1 diabetes was itaukei and 38 per cent were Fijians of Indian descent. While half the case for type 2 diabetics with foot sepsis were found to be itaukei, 39 per cent Fijians of Indian descent and 11 per cent from other ethnic groups," Dr Kishore said.
He said a recent survey showed that type 2 diabetes associated with foot sepsis was mostly found over the age of 45. With the exception of just one case which was reported in a child less than nine years of age.
Dr Kishore said it was also found out that 26 per cent of male were reported with foot sepsis and 74 per cent were females.