WASHINGTON — A US Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) report on doping by Lance Armstrong released on Wednesday details evidence against the US cycling star that shows guilt despite his lack of a positive doping test.
USADA delivered the report to the International Cycling Union (UCI) and World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) on Wednesday and made it public, showing the evidence that prompted USADA to issue a life ban against Armstrong in August.
Armstrong, who maintains he did nothing wrong, declined to contest USADA's charges against him after losing a legal challenge to USADA's arbitration hearing system, saying he was the target of a witch hunt and was tired after facing years of facing doping allegations.
USADA chief executive Travis T Tygart said Armstrong was at the heart of the most elaborate doping scheme in sport history, one in which he pressured teammates to take performance-enhancing drugs and keep silent about it.
"Different categories of eyewitness, documentary, first-hand, scientific, direct and circumstantial evidence reveal conclusive and undeniable proof that brings to the light of day for the first time this systemic, sustained and highly professionalized team-run doping conspiracy," Tygart said.
Clandestine meetings, late-night doping deliveries and interlinked testimony from eyewitnesses plays heavily into USADA's reconstruction of years of systemic doping plans.
"So ends one of the more sordid chapters in sports history," the report said.